Africa’s Free Trade pact nears implementation as Ethiopia moves to approve deal


Ratification. Ethiopia, on Saturday, approved the African Union’s Africa Continental Free Trade Area. (AGENCY PHOTO)

ADDIS ABABA – If Ethiopia’s impending ratification of Africa Continental Free Trade Area agreement (AfCFTA) comes to pass, the pact will be requiring only three other ratifications to enter into force.

According to the African Union (AU), Ethiopia’s ratification will become the nineteenth out of the minimum number of 22 required to effectively bring AfCFTA into operation.

The creation of AfCFTA is expected to be the largest trade zone in the world.

Quoting the Prime Minister (PM)’s office, Africa News reports that Ethiopia approved the AfCFTA pact on Saturday.

The PM’s office said: “The decision is consistent with PM Abiy’s vision of creating a closer and full regional integration where minds are open to ideas and markets are open to trade. Ethiopia’s decision and track record of advocating Pan African causes will bring to reality an integrated Africa.”

However, despite the cabinet’s approval, it will still be subjected to a legislative vote before instruments of ratification could be delivered to the AU.

Earlier call

The AU had months earlier challenged countries from North Africa to ratify the AfCFTA, seeing that all ratifications, up to then, were from sub-Saharan Africa.

The spokesperson in the office of the AU chairperson, Ebba Kalondo, tweeted: “We look forward to have a North African country among the historic 22 ratifications that will effectively bring the AfCFTA into force.”

While all the North African countries signed the Kigali Declaration enacting the AfCFTA, none of them have ratified the agreement.

Earlier ratifications

Countries that have already ratified include: Uganda, Kenya, Chad, Niger, Swaziland and Ghana. Others are Namibia, South Africa, Djibouti, Rwanda, Republic of Congo, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal, Togo and Sierra Leone.

AfCFTA aims to increase intra-African trade by 52 per cent by the year 2022, remove tariffs on 90 per cent of goods, liberalise services and tackle other barriers to intra-African trade, such as long delays at border posts.



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